is surprisingly not named after its primary inhabitants, the
Monacan tribe. The Monacan tribe was frequently in conflict
with the Powhatan Confederacy of Algonquins from the
tidewater region. At the time of the British colonization
Chief Powhatan was most prominent leader of the Native
Americans in the area. The Chief's daughter is the legendary
The land in Powhatan was originally settled by a group of
French Huguenots fleeing religious persecution near the turn
of the 18th century. After the Monacan tribe had abandoned
the village, it was wide open to the French. Due to the
dependence on the James River for transportation of tobacco,
the area above the fall line had yet to be inhabited.
Named after General Charles Scott, "Scottsville" was the
area surrounding the original Courthouse of 1778. Scott was
a war hero who later governed the Commonwealth of Kentucky
after its land was ceded by Virginia. Later "Scottsville"
came to be called Powhatan, Virginia.
War Between the
During the Civil War, Powhatan was home to one of the more
well known military units, the Powhatan Troop. Established
by Philip St. George Cocke, the Powhatan Troop is remembered
for being extremely well dressed and outfitted but more so,
being some of the only confederates not to surrender at
Appamattox. The war was over yet some of the Troop refused
to give up, while most soldiers surrendered or just left and
Powhatan County is 262 square miles in size including 1
square mile of water. The County is due west of the City of
Richmond, and northwest of Chesterfield. The population of
Powhatan County as of 2006 is estimated to be 27,649. There
was a 23.6 % increase in population between 2000 and 2006.
Powhatan County is home to many parks and is ideal for
hunting and fishing.
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